World Suicide Prevention Day 2016
“Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem.”
– Phil Donahue
Most survivors of suicide when interviewed on the motive, agree that this was their way of trying to escape from a situation. Suicide is the 13th leading cause of death worldwide, most prominent among people between 15-24 years of age. While some people may be able to deal with their problems and get out of the gloom, some fall prey to depression and focus mainly on failures and negatives of their situation. Those with serious depression often succeed in their attempt to commit suicide.
The World Health Organization (WHO) published a surprising count on global suicides per year—over 800,000. This means, someone commits suicide every 40 seconds. It is a sad fact. International Suicide Statistics, as published by Suicide Organization , says that Global Suicide Rate has increased by 65% in the last 45 years. According to a 2014 report, published by Times of India, WHO concluded that India accounted for the highest number of estimated suicides in the world, in a year, in 2012. The practice was dominant among the youth and the elderly.
Suicide or any kind of self-harm is not the act of a rational mind. When someone is suffering through such lows in life, it is the others who can step in and make an effort to bring in a change. There must be some reason, a certain piercing cause, that has unnerved the person. Inability to cope is not a permanent problem. It just means that how the person is trying to cope is not working out and there are other ways of doing the same. Suicide is not the solution.
How can this be changed?
Many organizations actively work towards helping individuals in depression and other emotional turmoil that often encourage them to make a suicide attempt. But the number of active helping members are too less compared to the number of affected individuals. More people need to come together to help those in distress. Even if they cannot provide expert solutions, they can introduce the affected individual to an expert. That is better than doing nothing.
How to identify symptoms of suicidal tendencies?
Often people who ultimately attempt to commit suicide and are sometimes successful show signs of edginess beforehand. Some common yet alarming traits are:
- Talking about feeling empty, hopeless, unworthy of affection and no reason to continue living.
- Talking about death, attraction towards afterlife, research on methods of dying.
- Excessive drug and alcohol abuse.
- Withdrawn from friends and family—may be due to being bullied, domestic abuse, sexual abuse, disturbed or separated parents.
- Displaying extreme mood swings and unstable emotional responses.
- Being delirious in sleep, changing food habits, talking to oneself in hiding.
- Sudden alternating uncontrollable bursts of rage and vengeance and sadness and remorse.
What are the measures that can save these suicides from happening?
People choose suicide as the last resort to terminate their pain and trouble by putting an end to themselves. But none of that is necessary if they can be motivated to gather courage and face their reality.
Many organizations have come forth to help such people. With the advancements in science and technology, research has helped yield better understanding of mental health and improved results of treatment. Suicidal tendencies may be effectively curbed and anxious minds may be rightly directed under professional care and guidance.
On September 10th, every year, World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is observed. Suicide prevention, at present, is not a concept anymore but a growing reality. We can influence this positive change if we can Connect, Communicate and Care a little more for everybody around us.